How Many Type of Hand Tools And Their Uses? A Complete Guide

A primary tool set is essential for most of us, from hanging a photo to shelving, at some point in our lives. It’s possible that even the most experienced do-it-yourself will have queries regarding specific equipment or will be looking for a list of must-haves for his toolbox. In other words, what are you in dire need of right now? So, here we discuss the type of hand tools and their uses.

It is possible to employ hand tools for a broad variety of tasks… Many of these aren’t interchangeable based on what you’re looking for. However, anyone wishing to construct or repair practically anything should be familiar with hand tools and the tasks to which they are best suited.

History of the Tools

Humans have been using tools since at least 2.6 million years ago, when the oldest stone tools known as the Oldowan were created in Gona, Ethiopia. These fist-sized stone tools were primarily used to pound and chop through tough animal hide to devour the flesh and marrow.

These stone tools were manufactured by hominids as needed for nearly a million years before being abandoned behind. Our predecessors’ ability to survive in a wide range of environments was greatly enhanced by developing technologies like these.

Homo erectus lived 1.8 million years ago, during which time our tools and species underwent significant changes. The hunter-gatherers carried these primitive hand axes and cleavers instead of being dropped.

But, despite our advancements since then, our reliance on an array of technologies to get us through the day hasn’t lessened (if anything, it has increased). On the contrary, every tool, no matter how crude or rudimentary, has contributed to the advancement of our civilization.

What are Hand Power Tools

Humans had employed hand tools since the Stone Age when stones were utilized for pounding and cutting. Copper and tin alloys were poured into molds and implements throughout the Bronze Age. 

Hand Power Tools

When compared to stone tools, bronze implements were sharper and more durable. Metal tools grew even more powerful and long-lasting throughout the Iron Age. The Romans invented many modern tools during this time. Manufacturing of devices has shifted from handcrafted to mass-produced in the decades following the industrial revolution—tools to keep us going during the day.

One of the tools used by artisans to carry out manual tasks. A hand tool is a small, essential instrument used only by the user’s strength and agility. ” The term “hand tools” refers to any tool that is used manually rather than by a motor.

The following are some examples of striking tools: chisel, cutlery, cutters, files, screwdrivers, vises, clamps, snips, saws, drilling machines, and the like

How Many Type of Hand Tools and their Uses

Hand tools are so widespread that even if you don’t know what they’re called, you know what they are and how to utilize them. A look at some of the essential hand tools and information on the various variations is in order here.


A screwdriver is a simple tool that has improved the quality of life for practically everyone who has ever lived. A screwdriver is essential to everyday life since screws can hold anything better than nails. Screwdrivers come in various shapes and sizes, but three main categories exist.


The Phillips-head screwdriver is perhaps the most ubiquitous, and it’s used to drive screws whose heads have a plus-shaped depression. The Phillips-head screwdriver’s ability to grip a screw more firmly is enhanced by the presence of two blade-like features at right angles.


The slotted or flathead screwdriver is as fundamental as a screwdriver, being almost as widespread as the Phillips-head. Because the flat tooth of the tool fits into a slot on the screw, turning the screw with fingers would be much more difficult.

flathead screwdriver

A flathead screwdriver can be tricky since slipping out of the screw’s groove is easy. Even worse, a stray screwdriver has the potential to harm nearby objects.


The star screwdriver is a specialized screwdriver that works with screws with a matching star pattern. To prevent a burglar with a screwdriver from having simple access, they are frequently employed for security purposes. However, because of the rarity of the star screwdriver, the ordinary felon is unlikely to have one in his cat burglar bag.

star screwdriver

Screwdrivers with replaceable bits are becoming commonplace in our technologically advanced day. Some of the best of these multi-bit systems have ratcheting motion, a place to store bits, and even magnets.

It’s easier to find the proper screwdriver when you just have to search through a tiny variety of bits if you have one of them in your toolbox.



Even if technology has made them lighter and stronger, little technical development is accessible for a heavy object you use to strike other things. Therefore, although there are many types of hammers, it is essential to consider the work before selecting one.

A Hammer and Claws

There are two sides to most hammers, one for hitting and one for removing nails. In addition, nearly every hammer has a two-pronged claw on the back that’s crucial for removing wayward nails without destroying the surface they’re hammered into.

Claw Hammer

Everyone employs the claw, even if their hammer-wielding skills differ. A wide range of sizes of claw hammers is also available, whether you need one for a significant job or a tiny one.

Uniquely Shaped Hammers

Everything has to be hammered, but not all of them are the same. For example, it is possible to remove nails more quickly (but more brutally) using a ripping hammer because of its straighter claw. One of the most typical uses for this tool is to simply rip apart two pieces of wood (thus the name).

Shock-absorbing grip hammers, dead-blow hammers, and roofing hammers are all options (for use with, say, chisels). However, working with chocolate necessitates the use of specialized wooden hammers.

Hydraulic Impact Wrenches

The ball peen hammer is a well-known hammer that even those who have never used one may identify with. With a round and flat head, this tool is most commonly employed in the metalworking industry. “

There are two types of heads: the flathead, which may be used with chisels, and the ball head (the peen).


Almost solely used for shattering items like concrete, boulders, and brick, sledgehammers have handles as long as an ax.


Compared to a standard claw hammer, this instrument will make quick work of in-home demolition.


Simply said, it’s a wonder in and of itself. However, even those who have never used pliers can’t deny the instrument’s utility, which nearly everyone has used.

Two levers are generated when two metal components are linked at a fulcrum. This increases the pressure you can apply with your hand, allowing you to perform tasks that would have been impossible with only your hands.

Pliers may be used for everything from cutting and crimping to crimping brake springs. Some (the so-called channel locks) can be adjusted, while others, like the needle nose pliers, have specific tongs for removing nails or getting into confined spots.

Despite its simplicity, the modest pair of pliers has given rise to many distinct species.

Using a Tape Measure

The measurement tape is essential for following the age-old maxim, “Measure twice, cut once,” while building anything.

Unless you’re chopping firewood, the cuts you make in almost any material must be exact. Ignore what you’re looking at.

Typical measuring tapes can be as short as 12 inches (30.48 cm) or as long as nine meters (2.9 meters). Specialty tapes might be hundreds of feet long.

When you’re done using the tape, a spring mechanism automatically retracts it, and a lock keeps it open so you may mark your materials as needed.

There is a preferred tape for every type of builder, DIYer, contractor, and cabinetmaker, but none can get by without it. The importance of measures cannot be emphasized in any architectural project. Make sure you don’t scrimp on this specific piece of equipment. You’ll kick yourself afterward.

Measurement tools

Nowadays, we have so many measuring devices at our disposal that we are pampered. Everything from distances to angles to water pressure to data to speed to components to sugar levels may be measured using specific equipment.

However, this was not always the case. For example, before the advent of the instruments listed above, ancient cultures had to rely on the different portions of their bodies to measure things.

A Set of Hex Keys

They may be used to spin (or stop) a bolt or nut, just like pliers, and create torque. However, in contrast to pliers, wrenches are available in various sizes.

Using the same set of pliers to tighten and loosen 1/4-inch bolts and 1/2-inch nuts is impossible. However, this is possible with wrenches. Because wrenches (particularly box-end wrenches) may cover a greater surface area of the nut or bolt, they provide more torque than pliers.


This tool features a gripper on both ends, allowing it to grab the nut or bolt on both sides.

A full circle around the nut or bolt is what you get when you use a box-end fastener, which is what the term “box” indeed refers to.

One side of the instrument is usually open, while the other side is usually enclosed.. The combination wrench is the most commonly used of the three.

For further information on “Snap-On” tools, see:

Hand Saw

Like many other instruments, a saw is a matter of personal preference. Saws are hand tools with a serrated metal blade at their core. There is a limit to how far you can go in this field.

To utilize a saw, you must pick the correct one for the task, just as with most things in life. There are a few possibilities, such as:

Most metal-cutting hacksaws have a straight, narrow blade attached to the end of a curved metal body. Since it is so thin, it wears out rapidly and may be readily removed from the body.

Gardeners use pruning saws to chop trees or smaller plants, depending on their needs. For example, pruning your ever-growing crepe myrtle, which has branches that are less than the width of your fist and are therefore easier to cut, requires a lighter saw.

Using a rip saw to cut wood. When someone thinks of “saw,” these are usually the images that come to mind. However, the ripping saw is a highly versatile tool with a straight blade, serrated teeth, and an arched wooden grip. Because its big teeth produce a harsher cut, it is effective on various materials, including plywood and tree limbs.

If you’re looking for a saw with small teeth and a thin blade capable of making delicate cuts, you’ll want to check out coping saws. Using a coping saw, you may carve out intricate designs in your woodwork.

Other saws, such as keyhole and wallboard saws, exist as well.

The REXBETI Heavy Duty Folding Saw is an excellent, versatile saw, but it’s challenging to find a tool that does it all. Affiliate Link (Amazon). It cuts various materials and folds down small enough to put in your toolbox or work belt.

Knife for Doing Chores

The utility knife, often known as a box knife or box blade, is another essential hand item on the list. This has a retractable razor blade inside a metal body.

Retractable blades are easy to replace when they get dull, and most types let the edge be exposed at various degrees. To make a shallower cut without cutting too deeply, you can draw the blade back into the body and lock it there.

Because the blades of this equipment can be razors, greater caution is needed. Always retract the blade before putting this knife back into your tool bag or pocket, and always have a sharp edge in the knife.

While using a box knife with a dull blade may be inefficient, it may also be dangerous when its cutting path is irregular.


There must be at least one sharp edge attached to the end of the handle, which might be made of wood or synthetic material. It takes a lot of time and works to get the most out of this tool, but it’s worth it.

As with many of the other instruments on this list, axes may take many different forms and serve many different purposes.. For example, there are axes for chopping wood, ice, bone meat (butchery), etc. Depending on the sort of work you’ll be performing, you’ll have to make a decision..

In the world of woodworking alone, there are several ax types to choose from. Hatchets are far more convenient to carry and store than giant axes since they are smaller and easier to use with just one hand. Cutting axes are divided into two categories: splitting axes and felling axes. Cut down a tree using this ax.

Other axes include broad axes, carpenter’s axes, and even the adze, which may be used as a sledgehammer or a hoe but is still classified as an ax. Adze blades are perpendicular to their handles, whereas ax blades are parallel.

Many axes are available, including hatchets, pickaxes, double-bit, double-sided axes, and the lathe hammer.

Regarding axes, the search can be a little more difficult due to the wide variety of models available, but you can be confident that any model you choose will be ideal for your purposes.

Tools for Prying

As with the crowbar (discussed below), the name of this item might vary from area to region, making it challenging to identify. Using a pry bar, you can break items apart..

Claws on its straight and curvy ends help remove nails using a cuticle pusher. On the other hand, a crowbar is a demolition tool that is more commonly employed in construction.

In general, pry bars are smaller than crowbars. They come in various sizes, though.. When it comes to squeezing, they’re flexible and may occasionally be adjusted in length, allowing for greater or less torque.


If you’re working on anything like upholstery or cabinetry, staples are a better option than nails due to their stricter removal process. The disadvantage of using staples instead of nails is that they are more apparent, making them less suitable for finalizing work.

Choosing the right staple gun depends on your work and preferences. More costly pneumatic staplers, for example, use a compressor and are thus better suited to larger jobs.

This isn’t the instrument you’ll need when stretching canvas for an oil painting. Staplers that use electricity are available, but many people prefer the old-fashioned manual staplers seen in office supply cabinets.

Staples are driven into the work surface using a spring-loaded mechanism in a manual staple gun.

Roofing, fence, insulation, and art and craft projects are just a few of their various uses.

Nail guns and staple guns are two different types of tools.

Hand-written files

A hand file is a metal hand tool that shapes metal or wood. This is the most basic hand file design.. If you’re looking for a specific file type, you’ll need to know what you’re trying to do before making an informed decision.

In most cases, file names are self-explanatory.

“Round file”

A sheet of paper laid flat on a desk

A triangular-shaped document.

Slightly oblong file

Most files feature a tang on one end that may be fitted with a handle (often made of wood) to make them simpler to grasp and manipulate.

If you’re working on a large project and need to hold a metal file for a long time, this might help alleviate some discomforts.

Farriers use rasps, luthiers use nut files, and chainsaw blade sharpeners use particular files.

For the most part, you won’t need much more than a few different-sized round and flat files unless your project is specialized. Visit Amazon to see this bundle.


A vise consists of two pieces of metal held together by a screw. Despite this, it might become a need in your life.

There are several types of vises, the most popular being a bench vise attached to a workbench. It’s a big, clumsy piece of machinery, generally made of cast iron, that you use to keep items in place while you operate. Numerous tools on this list will be employed in conjunction with the vice at some point throughout their life cycle.

To avoid hurting the object being held, certain vices are fashioned from non-metal materials.

Vises explicitly designed for woodworking can be mounted in various ways to accommodate multiple applications for the vise and the object it holds. Before acquiring a vise, do some research. There are a plethora of options accessible, just as with anything else.


You’re losing out if all you know about anvils is that they’re used in cartoons to punish villains. The anvil is a remarkably versatile piece of equipment. The heft of even the most miniature anvil makes it impossible to use as a hand tool, yet there is no other option when you need one. In metallurgy and blacksmithing, anvils are frequently employed.

An anvil is a hefty piece of equipment used to form metal. The user uses a mallet to shape hot metal that has been put on top, such as a sword or knife that has just come out of the furnace.

The most common shape of an anvil is to have a squared-off end on one side and a rounded end on the other so that different jobs may be performed on the anvil. The sharp corner of the square end makes it easy to fold the hot, malleable metal over it when creating a crease in the metal you’re shaping.

More significance is preferable when it comes to anvils. If your anvil has a lot of mass, it will be able to withstand the hammer strikes better. As a result, you’ll be able to devote more time and attention to your work.. To put it another way, a heavier anvil requires less force to form metal.

A Pair of Sharp Scissors

Cutting shears are versatile instruments that come in a wide variety of styles to suit a variety of tasks. Unfortunately, if you misuse scissors, you’ll have a ruined tool and a wasted product.

Have you ever gotten into trouble with your mother because you borrowed her sewing shears to make a collage for your homework? She was aware that sewing shears were only used for sewing. In other words, she wasn’t insane or incorrect.

A pair’s intended usage is determined by the materials and blade configurations/handle length it is made of. For example, tin snips and the safety scissors you used in second grade may appear the same, but they serve very distinct purposes. They’re called “tin snips” because they’re used to cut thin metals like tin.

Gardening scissor sets themselves out from the rest of the pack:

Shears for pruning


Clippers for the hedges

Shears for cutting grass

Examples of the numerous types of scissors available include surgical scissors, pinking shears, cigar cutters, and even kitchen scissors for cutting meat.

You generally won’t need surgical scissors unless you build a bookshelf or a roof. Nonetheless, with the variety of scissors available, it’s feasible to do anything. So to locate the appropriate pair for your profession, keep looking.


There is no such thing as having too many clamps when working with wood.. Although a c-clamp is one of the numerous clamps, it also comes in various forms and sizes.

If you’re unfamiliar with the term, it’s often thought of as a curved piece of metal. When two pieces of wood are being brought together, a smooth surface on the screw’s top allows the clamp to be positioned correctly. To keep it in place, screws are utilised. Screws can’t pierce or otherwise damage work surfaces thanks to a flat surface, and the clamp will keep everything in place in most cases if placed appropriately.

C-clamps are most commonly utilized in woodworking and welding, and your work will determine your required size.

You holding two or more pieces of wood together while the glue sets or while you nail things together is the most typical usage of a C-clamp in woodworking.

It’s safe to say that this is an underestimated piece of equipment.. When you don’t have a c-clamp on hand, things might get a little more complex than they need to be.

Even though you may not need it immediately, this is one of the few tools you may buy with no preconceived notions of how you’ll use it.

Having the wrong clamp size can be just as bad as not having any at all, so have a variety of sizes available.


Crowbars are rounded and generally longer and heavier than prying bars. It is not a tool for delicate work because it is typically used as a demolition tool (thus the name “wrecking bar”).

The curved-shaped pry bar is the superior option when dealing with heavy things.

Crowbars are also known as pinch-bars, goosenecks, and other nicknames. The crowbar may break rocks loose, move large objects, and even crash through glass or drywall.

Even though it’s a great all-purpose tool, the pry bar is far more prevalent.

 Hand Planer

While power equipment like routers and sanders have relegated planers to the back of construction workers’ minds, they are still important. Some woodworkers prefer these machines over those that do not require human power. The hand planer, more than any other instrument, requires regular sharpening to keep its blades from dulling.

Simply put, a planer is a tool to smooth or flatten wood by dragging a cutting surface across its surface. For example, a planner can help you achieve the desired level of rounding if you prefer rounded edges to sharp ones.

It is common to use both the fore planes and the smoothing planes in tandem, as they are similar to the coarse and fine grits of sandpaper. These are used to remove wood from surfaces.

A joiner plane can be as long as 3 feet long / 0.91 meters long for straightening wood.

18-inch Mallet

Many believe the mallet is another hammer type, but this is not the case. So yes, that’s correct. However, the main difference between a hammer and a mallet is the giant head of the mallet, which is often composed of wood or rubber.

Different metals can be used for specialized activities, such as mallets made of stainless steel. Plastic mallets are operated by a variety of craftspeople, including stonemasons.

A hammer’s hard metal head might damage wood, laminate, or even a wood floor.

It has the same impact as a hammer but with less force. This gives you more leeway when working on your project.


The beveled cutting edge of a chisel distinguishes this metal tool from others. You may use a number of chisels to do a wide range of jobs..

In metallurgy, blacksmiths employ cold and hot chisels, depending on the type of metal they’re dealing with. They’re heavier and more commonly used for demolition with jackhammers, such as masonry chisels.

The chisel, a more powerful hand tool, necessitates using another, smaller hand tool, in this case, a hammer. So even though you could use the same tools to carve wood, Michelangelo required a hammer to use with his chisels while working with marble.

For your work, you should opt for a chisel that is both durable and comfortable in your hand.


An air bubble in a liquid works just as well as a laser level for measuring distance, but they’re both expensive and time-consuming. So instead, the so-called spirit, bubble, or torpedo levels have a transparent tube filled with liquid and a little dot inside them. You can tell if your surface is level if the drop lines up with the lines on the tube.

More extended levels are helpful for bigger jobs, such as erecting trusses for a home, and combination levels/squares are available to help with truing up angles.

Although countless lengths are available for various uses, no toolbox is complete without the CRAFTSMAN 9-Inch Torpedo Level, which epitomizes the phrase “simple, done well.

Belts for Tools

A construction worker with a tool belt and a toolbox in hand.

Before the average man used them, tool belts were worn by business people, warriors, and gladiators. As a result, straps come in various styles and materials and have multiple functionalities.

The sort of tool belt a person wears mostly relies on the nature of the individual’s employment since it dictates the kinds of tools that will be carried. Tool belts that are heavy-duty and uniformly distribute the weight of the larger instruments are needed to prevent unintentional injury.

Tools for Cabinet Building

Anyone with basic woodworking abilities may take on the endeavor of building cabinets on their own. You don’t even have to spend a lot of money to get started… Most of the equipment you’ll need is already in your possession.

Tile Flooring

You may save hundreds of dollars by installing the tile flooring yourself, and it’s not as difficult as you think. Ensure you have all the equipment before falling on the floor and chopping tiles.

Drywall Tools

It’s a simple DIY project that doesn’t need a lot of equipment. Moreover, you may already have all of the key drywall tools you need at home!.

Tools for Removing Paint

Were you painting a wall? You think that’s a difficult task? Instead, try sanding down walls to see if you can get rid of old paint. It’s OK to change the color of your room, but don’t just paint over the previous one and get started immediately with the new one.

Removing old paint is problematic because it is meant to adhere to walls. Using specialist paint removal tools and adhering to proper paint removal processes will make your job easier.

Tools Used for Sanding

By looking at the grain patterns, you can detect the difference between a sanded and unsanded surface. If you don’t enjoy the task of sanding, you’ll be glad to know that this finishing method pays off with a long-lasting and smooth finish. For those who don’t enjoy the labor of sanding, there are several sanding equipment available to make the process more bearable.

Tools for Removing Grout

Every homeowner’s repair and maintenance project should include the removal of chipped or discolored grout. If you don’t, you’re inviting deadly bacteria into your home and creating a tricky mess to clean. Make this task a breeze by using specialized grout removal equipment.

Finishing Tools for Carpentry

For example, you may use finishing carpentry to build crown moldings, wainscoting, stair railings, and other design features like built-in bookcases, fireplaces, and wall paneling. Of course, you’ll need years of practice to master the necessary skill set, but you can still do it yourself if you’re experienced in carpentry and have the appropriate finishing carpentry tools.

Tools for Cutting Granite

Granite is not merely a hard, thick, and long-lasting rock. In addition, it’s both gorgeous and pricey. As a result, most people choose expert installation, which raises the overall price. On the other hand, many self-sufficient homeowners have realized that they can perform the task themselves if they take safety precautions and utilize specialist granite cutting equipment, thereby saving a lot of money.

A set of Window-Cleaning Equipment

If you live in a two-story home, cleaning the windows might be particularly taxing. If you’re ready to put in the time and effort to clean your windows rather than hire a professional, you need to invest in a set of window cleaning equipment to get the job done quickly and efficiently.


What is the most used hand tool?

Screwdrivers, hammers and ratchet sets, utility knives, and tape measures are among the most regularly used.

What are tools, equipment, and materials?

Those are the bits and components that make up the finished product. In contrast, equipment refers to the tools, machines, and gadgets used in the manufacturing process.

Final Words

The value of hand tools has been repeatedly shown throughout human history, even before cities and agriculture existed. Of course, putting them to good use takes a certain level of expertise, but the rewards are worth the effort.

In the domain of basic tools, there is no such thing as a definite answer.. However, most persons knowledgeable about hand tools and their applications agree that several of the equipment listed above may be considered a fundamental need for any toolbox or workshop. Having a specific aim in mind can help you narrow your search for the best tool for the job.

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